Basic Anatomy for a Website


A beginner webmaster finds difficult to portrait a website as it contains bunch of content. Portraying the website means explaining the mixture of languages used.

This is because; a website can be related and linked with the physiology of a human body. This article is especially for beginners and clients to understand the complex nature of the site.

Before starting web designing for a site, be familiar with basic layouts and organization. A website is a collection of files and folders containing content like CSS files, media files and scripts. It consists of 4 basic elements like header, footer, navigation menu and content.

Designer DNA: Schemas and DTDs

Human have predefined characteristics. Through the process of genetics, the unique characteristics are built.

In terms of web, the regulators of code genetics are commonly known as schemas. The process of creating schema does not take millions of years, it just take a certain length of time for new languages to appear and become widely adopted and building blocks. As a result, the site looks different with the structural languages that predefine the characteristics which end up in using different tags. Inclusion of DTD in a document can set standards for the code and avoid the obscurities that quirks mode presenting the web browser. DNA which describes the languages used will enhance the inheriting of the web stands.

Skeletal Structure: The Structural Markup

A human structure is made up of bones which defines the basic shape. Similarly in a web document, the structure is formed from various interlinking elements. Mostly, a web document is created using different markup languages like HTML and XML. Even RSS is also one of the examples of markup. Without these markup languages, it’s difficult to maintain layouts in a site.

Each bone in the body serves the specific purpose, similarly in a website micro formats give additional semantic characteristics and value beyond what a generic or reused element would offer.

Micro formats are descriptive elements (class or ID values) which give shape for the semantic values.

Mechanical Muscles: Client-side Scripting

A client-side scripting is more important for a site as muscles are required for a body. In human body, muscles act as an interactive part to do any activity. Likewise, client-side scripting act as a interaction tool for a site. Certain level of interaction is required and without adequate interaction, it’s hard to make the site more lively.

Client side scripting is the muscular component of the site and using languages like JavaScript will create an interaction when visitors click, move or press any key or other signs.

Nervous Reactions: The Web Browser

Scripting added in a website helps to send and receive information by creating interaction with the design. In a website, the mechanism to communicate these signals belongs to user agent or server which handles the request and reflects those requests to act into a mechanism that is visible to the end user.

A web browser is like a nervous system. Nerve passes the signals to various organs and broadcast to conduct the action.

The Heart: Content and the Community

Content is the king. The heart of the website is “the content”. Content plays a vital role in a website. A site updating quality content attracts more number of visitors regularly and creates business & traffic for the website.

Human heart supplies the required amount of oxygen to the body. Similarly, a website should supply quality content to the visitors.

Too much of anything fits of nothing, but anything new & interesting will make it more diversify. So make your content more interesting, informative and lively.

Blood Vessels: Information Architecture

As discussed above, the ability to make the users to get into the places they required is one of the key elements of building a website. Site that commonly interlinks all bodily elements is commonly referred as information architecture. In simple terms, the way it is organized, structured and relate pages of a web design together. The organized method of interlinking the various components of a website can be easily recognized in human body in terms of blood vessels. When dead links or poor navigation occurs in a website, it results in unturned visitors.

Skin: Aesthetics and Web Design

What make a human to look normal? The features like eyes, nose and mouth, but their skin and visual appearance play an important role. Likewise, aesthetics and web design plays an important role in a website.

In terms of a website, the primary language used to deal with the styles of the website is CSS. The structure and element of the Style sheet gives the visible physical appearance to your desire. If you want your site skin to neon green and flashing pink, it is entirely possible. A web design can change any physical appearance of the site dynamically. Techniques used to change the behavior will give a high definition look.

Brain Retain: Server-side Scripting and DBMS

In human though each part plays an important role in the body, without the access of brain they find difficult to think what to do now.

Similarly for a website, server-side scripting and DBMS plays an important role. Server-side scripting for dynamic website allows the site to react for a situation and act upon rather than automatically carrying out the action.

Brain has the ability to remember thousands of things, likewise computers have more capacity than the brain. If information is stored within a database, it holds the information until it is requested, deleted or damaged. It is usually organized related to the type of information contained, searched, referred or accessed. Both Cookies (data like username & password) and browser caching (info like images & client-side scripts) store some sort of information for a limited period of time.

Act of identity: Metadata

All have their own personalities; likewise a website shows their uniqueness through metadata. Information of metadata will be stored using Meta tags on the page. It explains the search engines, browsers or application wanting to associate with the contents contextual or semantic value. A site identity is created by its title and Meta information and its ability clearly explains the nature of the site and its content.

A site is just like a human. Some can rank for its keyword and other process, but some need proper care and required designing to overcome the search engines significance.

Professional testing for a website enhances concentrating of web development progression.

So think your website on search engine, browsers and end users point of view. Ultimately, your site rank in top searches.

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